One Health

The existence of life on earth is revolving around the race for survival. Right from a virus to the blue whale, there exists a complicated life system assuring the subsistence of each species. Health is an indispensable aspect of existence, and it is dependent on numerous factors.

The World ponders about ways to good health, and we have been particularly concerned about it since the COVID-19 outbreak. Looking deeper into the root of the disease's origin revealed the zoonotic spillover of the SARS COVID-19 virus from wild animals to human beings. This obviously emphasizes the potential threat of emerging zoonotic diseases that could turn into a pandemic. The health of the key elements of the planet, the environment, humans, and animals are interdependent factors. This emphasizes the need for One Health to ensure holistic welfare and well-being.

In the 1970s, Calvin Schwabe, an American veterinarian, rethought the term “one medicine” and is recognized for having coined the concept that fully recognized the close systemic interaction of humans and animals for nutrition, livelihood, and health. One Health is a collaborative, multisectoral, and transdisciplinary approach — working at the local, regional, national, and global levels — with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes recognizing the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment (CDC).

Human beings largely depend on livestock rearing for livelihood and animal protein requirements. Infectious agents in animals must be dealt with care to ensure both animal and human health.

Evolution of the One Health approach

One health for

Human Health

Human beings survive and thrive on earth only if there exists a healthy environment and biodiversity to support life. Human health is constantly challenged by emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, of which more than 60 percent are zoonotic. One Health is essential for human health.

One health for

Animal Health

Animal health and welfare are ensured through positive human interventions and appropriate environmental conditions (species-specific). Scientific domestic animal management and protection of wildlife ecosystems are crucial for a healthy animal population on earth.

One health for

Environment Health

Human and animal lives are inexistent in a spoiled environment. Human activities account for the major cause of environmental degradationa and pollution. Healthy human and animal populations, biodiversity, and judicious ecosystem management are critical for environmental health.

Thematic Areas

One Health concept and approach

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Infectious Disease and Zoonoses

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Pathogens, Antimicrobials and Drug resistance

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Environmental Health and Climate change

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Food systems and Interlinkages with health

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Animal Health and Welfare

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Biodiversity and Wildlife health

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Disasters and other public health hazards

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